The respondent (T), a Malaysian citizen, entered Australia in May 1988 on a temporary entry permit and in July of the same year married an Australian citizen who had four children.
The applicants were a number of associations and members of civil society concerned with the treatment of people with HIV/AIDS and with the prevention of new infections.
About 900 adults and children had been living in appalling conditions. They decided to move out and occupied vacant private land across the road.
The first respondent (P) had inherited clan land under a valid will. In 1988 she sold the land to the second respondent (K). The appellant (E), the first respondent’s nephew, sought a declaration that the sale of land was void.
In 1923, Reuben Wells Leonard established the Leonard Foundation Trust to provide scholarships at eligible institutions for students meeting the following qualifications: the student was to be “needy”, white, of British parentage or nationality and Protestant.