Kiribati will be reviewed on 19 January 2015 by the Human Rights Council to assess the Pacific nation’s performance in protecting and promoting human rights, including progress made in implementing recommendations from its first review in 2010.
The Kiribati delegation, led by the Minister for Women, Youth and Social Affairs, the Hon Tangariki Reete, and the Attorney General, the Hon Titabu Tabane, attended the mock session yesterday which was staged by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community's Regional Rights Resource Team (SPC RRRT) in partnership with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
The Universal Periodic Review is a key mechanism which allows all UN Member States to declare action taken to improve human rights in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations.
“Through the mock session, we’ve realised that we need more information, especially statistics and other facts to support our presentation in Geneva,” Minister Reete said.
“We are grateful to SPC and OHCHR for supporting us in this process, as well as other development partners such as UNICEF, UN Women and the UN Population Fund. We were guided on how to better articulate our responses during the interactive dialogue,” the Minister said.
SPC RRRT Senior Trainer, Romulo Nayacalevu, said the review is important because it exposes countries to best practice and enables them to seek technical assistance from organisations such as SPC to meet their commitments and obligations under international human rights treaties.
“Positive developments and challenges are discussed among countries while dialogue with civil society and the international community is enhanced, often resulting in prioritising action to address the crucial human rights issues on the ground,” Mr Nayacalevu said.
SPC RRRT supports all 22 Pacific countries and territories to build a culture of human rights, and assists nation states to commit to, and observe, international human rights standards. This work is funded by the Australian Government and the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
For more information, please contact Jilda Shem, SPC RRRT Communications Officer, on +679 330 5994 or email [email protected]
The Act provides for greater protection from violence within domestic relationship to ensure the safety and protection of all people, including children, who experience or witness domestic violence. The Act recognises that domestic violence, in all its forms, is unacceptable behaviour and a crime.
Violence against women and within the family is a human rights violation, depriving women and children of their right to a safe and secure family life.
SPC RRRT has been providing support to the Government of Tuvalu through the drafting of the Bill in 2011 as well as providing a set of drafting instructions on violence against women legislation that is compliant with global human rights standards and supporting community and national consultations on the Bill in 2013 and in 2014.
The Tuvalu 2007 Demographic and Health survey reported that four in ten women have been subjected to some type of physical violence, with their current husbands or partners being the main perpetrators. Women whose husbands drink alcohol excessively are far more likely to experience physical, emotional, or sexual violence than those whose partner does not drink. Around half of all reported acts of physical violence were reported by women aged 25-29.
Inadequate laws and policies, fail to protect women and their families, and impact adversely on the development of a country. The passing of the Family Protection and Domestic Violence Act is a milestone for Tuvalu in that it is one of a variety of national strategies to eliminate all forms of violence against women, which is a key policy outcome in the Tuvalu’s National Gender Policy of 2014.
Since 2013, SPC RRRT has supported the legislatures of Tuvalu, Kiribati, Solomon Islands and Tonga have all passed domestic violence legislation to protect their citizens from violence against women and girls.
Violence against women has a broad and lasting impact on the well-being of women and girls, families and communities, including the emotional, physical and psychological well-being of the survivors. Domestic violence also impacts national development by creating a burden on national social systems and services such as health care, police, legal aid, crisis centres and other response services.
SPC RRRT works to build a culture of human rights and assists nation states to commit to, and observe, international human rights standards. SPC RRRT is a programme under the Social Development Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community and is funded by the Australian Government.
For more information, please contact Jilda Shem, SPC RRRT Communications Officer on +679 330 5994 or email [email protected] Photo caption: Tuvalu women in a community setting, source: http://klima-tuvalu.no/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/IMG_4862.jpg
‘The National Human Rights Awards initiative is aimed at rewarding and celebrating outstanding work in human rights in the Pacific region and also to send a clear message to human rights defenders that the Pacific community is grateful for, and supports, their tireless efforts to promote human rights for all,’ the Deputy Director of SPC’s Regional Rights Resource Team (RRRT), Mark Atterton, said.
The theme for the awards is ‘human rights in everyday life’, which covers many aspects of our daily lives, including rights to food, shelter, education, health, protection, freedom of expression and many more.
The Pacific is not immune to human rights violations, with violence against women a critical concern for the region. According to studies by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in collaboration with SPC, the Pacific region has some of the highest rates of violence against women in the world.
National studies in 2009 and 2010, in Samoa, Kiribati, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Fiji and Vanuatu, indicate that the rates of intimate partner violence are as high as 60 to 70%. Inadequate laws and policies fail to protect women and their families, and impact adversely on the development of a country.
At a recent SPC-RRRT regional lawyers’ consultation, former high court judge in Fiji, Madam Mere Pulea, encouraged lawyers of the region to ‘be at the forefront to challenge inequalities and discrimination faced by women, and to play a critical role for the benefit of society.’
‘The need to champion gender equality is pivotal to the development and realisation of human rights, and to sustainable development in the region,’ said Mark Atterton.
SPC RRRT won the prestigious UNICEF Maurice Pate Award in 1998 for its pioneering work in promoting human rights education for women and children in the Pacific. Since then, SPC RRRT has been offering the Pacific Human Rights Awards to encourage the development of a human rights culture that will protect the rights and promote the well-being of disadvantaged and vulnerable groups.
The 2014 national awards include:
Special recognition for highlighting the right to religion through the documentation of Catechist Tikarerei Takirua’s life story of service to the people of Kiribati.
Special recognition for highlighting the right to marriage and to be free from violence through poetry.
Special recognition for highlighting the right to participate in any community activities without distinction of any kind such as sex, colour, race, religion or other status.
Special recognition for promoting the right of a child to education in Samoa, including children with disabilities, through role play.
Deborah Jacinta Leu’o
Special recognition for promoting human rights in Samoa through creative drawing.
Special recognition for highlighting the rights of persons with disabilities through the documentation of her personal life story.
Special recognition for highlighting the right to education through creative writing.
Special recognition for promoting the right to education for children with disabilities in Samoa, through visual art.
Piu Maneralokina Filipo
Special recognition for highlighting human rights through creative writing.
Samoa Fa’afafine Association
In recognition of the contribution to the promotion of the human rights of marginalised groups, including Fa’afafine and LGBTI groups in Samoa.
Samoa National Youth Council
Special recognition for promoting the right to be heard and of freedom of expression in Samoa through audio visual arts.
Samoa Returnees Charitable Trust
Contribution to advancing the right to freedom from discrimination of Samoan deportees rehabilitating in the community and in community outreach programmes.
Sinalaua Papatoetoe Tupolo
Special recognition for highlighting the right to education, respect and equality through the documentation of her personal life story.
Special recognition for highlighting the right of children to social protection through creative writing.
Tiapapata Art Centre
Special recognition for advancing the right to develop life skills and the right to participate in cultural life, through the Breakthrough initiative, aimed at supporting people affected by trauma and abuse.
Br. Gorge Van Der Sant
Special recognition for contribution to advancing the right to education for young persons with disabilities in Solomon Islands.
Community Based Rehabilitation Unit
Special recognition for contribution to advancing the rights of persons with disabilities in Solomon Islands.
Women and Children Crisis Centre
Special recognition for advancing the rights of girls in Tonga to be free from domestic violence and sexual abuse.
Special recognition for highlighting the rights of single mothers to education and to be respected with equal opportunity.
Special recognition for highlighting the right to employment and family support in Tonga.
Fusi Alofa Association
Special Recognition for contribution to advancing the rights of persons with disabilities in Tuvalu.
Talafai Youth Group
Special recognition for contribution to advancing the rights of children to education through support to pre-school building construction on the island of Nanumago, Tuvalu.
SPC RRRT works to build a culture of human rights, and assists nation states to commit to, and observe, international human rights standards. SPC RRRT is a programme under the Social Development Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community and is funded by the Australian Government.
For more information, please contact Jilda Shem, SPC RRRT Communications Officer, on +679 330 5994, or email [email protected]
Applications will close on 9 January 2015 for the scholarships funded by the Australian Government for anyone with a strong record of working or volunteering in roles with a community or social development focus to undertake a Diploma in Leadership, Governance and Human Rights at the university in Suva, Fiji.
The 18-month diploma was jointly developed by the university and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community’s Regional Rights Resource Team (SPC RRRT) in 2013.
Regional case studies in the course materials demonstrate the effects of corruption, the importance of the rule of law, and the right of everyone to be treated with equality and dignity. With a focus on the Pacific context, the diploma students build their understanding of the importance of these concepts for the development of their country.
The Australian Government has since offered scholarships to 27 people from throughout the Pacific Islands to complete the diploma.
Over 450 students, from 10 Pacific Island Countries, have enrolled in the first course developed by SPC RRRT & USP since it was first offered, namely “Introduction to leadership, governance and human rights”. In addition, the second course, “Principles of good leadership and governance” has had 82 enrolments, from 8 Pacific Island Countries, since it was first offered in Semester 2, 2013.
One of the first scholarship recipients, Wiliame Nayacatabu, said it was valuable for him to undertake formal studies in leadership while he held the position of President of the Fiji National Youth Council. “There is a good alignment between the Diploma and my practical work as President,” Mr Nayacatabu said.
“Learning about transparency and accountability was particularly useful when I was new to my role as President [in April 2014], and the NYC’s National Executive Council was required to elect a new General Secretary. I had to make sure that the process was transparent and collaborative.”
Another recipient of the Australian Government-funded scholarship, Maria Buama of Vanuatu, said the courses inspired her to share her story as a mother who has experienced many injustices in her life including gender-based violence.
“In the first semester of 2013, I never spoke in class, mainly because I was never allowed to speak or express myself in my community except in the boundaries of my kitchen,” Mrs Buama said. “But by the second semester, I gained my confidence and couldn’t stop sharing my stories for the other students to learn from. If I don’t speak up, the issues will not be known and the cycle of the issues will continue,” said Mrs Buama.
The student population for the diploma has been diverse, including police officers, nurses, church leaders and a youth candidate in the 2014 Fijian election. The diploma courses are also being available as elective subjects for students studying degrees in law, arts and commerce.
The deadline for scholarship applications is 9 January 2015. For details visit: http://www.rrrt.org/publications-media/publications/item/581-diploma-in-leadership-governance-and-human-rights-scholarship
Education and capacity building is part of ongoing efforts by Pacific Island countries and territories to step up their protection of human rights, with the support of SPC and its development partners.
For more information, contact Jilda Shem, SPC RRRT Communications Officer on +679 330 5994 or email [email protected]. Photo caption: A student of the Diploma in Leadership, Governance and Human Rights at University of the South Pacific, Laucala campus, November 2013.
The respondent (T), a Malaysian citizen, entered Australia in May 1988 on a temporary entry permit and in July of the same year married an Australian citizen who had four children.