International Human Rights Treaties
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) are legally binding human rights agreements. Both were adopted in 1966 and entered into force 10 years later, making many of the provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights effectively binding.
Other core international human rights treaties include:
- The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD) (entered into force in 1969);
- The Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) (entered into force in 1981);
- The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) (entered into force in 1987);
- The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) (entered into force in 1990);
- The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families (CMW) (adopted in 1990, entered into force in 2003); and,
- The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).
- International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance